1. What factors may lead to a difference in whole-cell potency compared to cell-free potency?

  2. Find the concentration of free receptors in a solution of 90% free ligand and 10% receptor-ligand complex, knowing only the value of kD

  3. Clarify pre-column pressure vs. system pressure vs. backpressure for prepacked columns used with the äkta purification system

  4. Why is fructose not glucose the main energy source of sperm?
  5. What sort of biofiltration is best for a small, portable, biofiltration unit?

  6. Do tRNAs that recognize multiple codons have any preference for one over another?

  7. Why don't antiseptic agents kill 100% germs?
  8. Laemmli-SDS-PAGE problems

  9. Molecular interactions between R-Groups

  10. Adenosine receptor affinity states

  11. What is a good biochemistry reference for reading papers about metabolic pathways associated with human disease?
  12. How is the gradient in density gradient centrifugation made?

  13. What is the structural difference between beta and gamma globin chains of Hb?

  14. Can adenosine be cleared?
  15. Effect of the Marcus Theory on Photosynthesis
  16. Why don't membrane proteins move?
  17. Why can polar molecules like water pass aquaporin better than unpolar like H2 or CO2

  18. Does a generator potential pass along a nerve the same way an action potential does?

  19. Why add hydrogens in molecular dynamics simulations?

  20. Can the human body utilize electricity?
  21. Using evolutionary algorithms in molecular biology?
  22. Where is cleavage site located?
  23. Is it possible to cure dandruff?
  24. Could Cannabidiol steady a hand?

  25. Why do red blood cells maintain Iron in the Haem group in the +2 (ferrous) oxidation state?

  26. What happens to the brain during meditation?
  27. What chemicals/substances exist in green capsicum (peppers) that do not exist in red capsicum?

  28. Why does the HPV vaccine not work on already infected people?

  29. Parallel DNA double-helices with Watson–Crick base-pairing: Why do they not occur?
  30. Grouping OMIM disease codes
  31. How does BH2 reduction to BH4 need only one NADPH molecule?

  32. How to identify Ag nanoparticles in a solution?
  33. When is Water Produced During Photosynthesis?
  34. Why is suicide inhibition considered a catalytic reaction when the catalyst is irreversibly modified because of the reaction?

  35. Is there an enzyme for the transformation of the hydroxyl group?
  36. NaCl inhibit onion root mitosis? Why?

  37. how does environment affect methylation status in dna

  38. Why does the ring finger not move independently?

  39. Methylation of DNA
  40. Using nanodrop for analysing biological samples other than nucleotides
  41. Passive diffusion of non-polar molecules across plasma membrane
  42. What does ensemble-based model of enzyme mean?
  43. What do different fermentation products have in common?

  44. What determines the reversibility of cell of G0 phase in cell cycle?

  45. During non-cyclic photophosphorylation, how does NADP+ become NADPH?

  46. Question about Racemic Mixtures in Miller-Urey Experiment
  47. Why doesn’t a basic side chain (R group) of an amino acid form a peptide bond in protein biosynthesis?
  48. Can I kill bacteria with distilled water?
  49. CRISPR/Cas9 in E Coli: whole gene insertion

  50. Is it possible to reprogram osteoblasts and osteoclasts to change the angle and shape of the mandible?

  51. Purpose of the conversion of 3-PGA to G3P in the calvin cycle?

  52. Direction of ATP synthase C ring under different circumstances

  53. Why does enteral carbohydrate yield higher energy than parenteral?

  54. Photolysis of Water?

  55. Why doesn't surgical steel cause inflammation?
  56. Drying and re-wetting soil

  57. Methane and wetlands

  58. Why does the affinity of haemoglobin's for oxygen decrease at high altitudes?
  59. Dopamine involvement in pleasure

  60. Why do raw prawns turn red after sitting in vinegar?
  61. Why is glucose our primary source of energy?

  62. How to convert a test tube assay to microplate assay?
  63. How did shellfish and coral survive acidic oceans in earlier eras?
  64. What directs macromolecules to their cellular locations

  65. biodegradable environment in desert

  66. How many ATP molecules are formed?
  67. Why can't amylase break down glycogen?

  68. Organism with the greatest amount of gold as percentage of body mass
  69. What is the active site (not metal binding site) of tyrosinase and other monooxygenase/oxidoreductases?

  70. Lipase digesting lipids leads to a basic solution

  71. What is the difference between gene expression and protein synthesis?

  72. Required energy to metabolize fat

  73. Nutrient limitation in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems

  74. Why do plants produce and store both amylose and amylopectin?
  75. How do I explain enzyme specificity and reaction (lactose into glucose)?

  76. Potato Power. Self sustaining medium using a living potato plant possible?

  77. Intermediate of Krebs cycle that can form Chlorophyll?
  78. Why is the brain dependent on glucose?

  79. DNA centrifugation in water

  80. Why would I see no bands in DNA gel electrophoresis of red blood cells?
  81. How do alcohols and aldehydes destroy the plasma membranes of bacteria?

  82. Why is ATP the preferred choice for energy carriers?

  83. Can the excessive consumption of mineral water lead to kidney stones or other health issues?

  84. Is Ellman's reagent specific for low molecular weight proteins and thiols?

  85. Is there any disease in adult human, other-than cancer, which-is resulted from mutation?
  86. Does severing the Corpus callosum, effect the brain's communicating ability?
  87. Is Glutamate (anion of glutamic acid) considered a dicarboxylic acid or not?
  88. What is the relationship between the light and dark reactions of photosynthesis?
  89. Hepcidin-Iron Homeostasis

  90. What medium is the bacteria used to synthesize B12 sourced from?

  91. Why are there exactly four nucleobases in DNA?
  92. Why do most plants reflect green and others other colors?
  93. Excretion of various wastes and water requirement

  94. peptide MHC microarray

  95. Producing 1,2 propanediol in engineered organism

  96. What is the most readily usable form of nutrients/energy source for heterotrophic microorganism in general?

  97. Reference article to typical Proteins in E.coli (identify bands in SDS-PAGE)

  98. How can ionized amino acid form be important for the catalytic activity?

  99. DNA or enzymes — which came first?

  100. Sulfate reduction